In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a method by which an egg is fertilized by sperm outside the body in vitro in a petri dish. The process consists of monitoring and stimulating a woman’s ovulatory process, removing ovum (eggs) from the woman’s ovaries and allowing sperm to fertilize them in a laboratory. The fertilized embryo is cultivated for 2–6 days in a growth medium and is then implanted in the same or another woman’s(Surrogate) uterus, with the intent of creating a successful pregnancy.
Let us see the step by step process of IVF treatment.
- Improving the egg quality and numbers
- Monitoring the development of growing eggs/follicles in the ovaries.
- Collection of Eggs.
- Placing the eggs and sperm together in the laboratory
- Transferring the embryos into the uterus.
Improving the egg quality and numbers:
A fertility hormone known as a gonadotropin will be given. This is taken as a daily injection for around 10 to 12 days, due to this hormone the number of eggs you produce will increase.
Monitoring the development of growing eggs/follicles in the ovaries:
Our expert will observe your progress throughout the medical treatment through pelvic ultrasound scans and possibly, blood tests.
34 to 36 hours before your eggs are due to be collected you will be given a hormone injection to help your eggs mature known as human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG).
Collecting of Eggs:
Your eggs will be usually collected using ultrasound monitoring while you are anesthetized. A 17 G needle is attached to the ultrasound examination and use it to collect the eggs from the follicles on each ovary. It is a minimally invasive procedure and done under an experienced set up has zero complications.Once your eggs have been collected, you will be given prescription in the form of injection or gel (Progeseterone)to help prepare the covering of your womb for embryo transfer.:
Locating the sperm
Placing the sperm and eggs together in the laboratory for 16–20 hours after they are checked for fertilization and initial embryo development. Those that have been fertilized will be grown in the laboratory for two to six days. The embryologist will observe the development of the embryos and the best will be chosen for transfer. Any lasting embryos of suitable quality can be frozen for future use.
Transferring the Embryos into the uterus:
If you are the age of below 40, two Blastocyst embryos will be transferred. If you are 40 or exceeds, a maximum of three embryos will be used at blastocyst stage. The number of embryos transferred is restricted as of the risks associated with multiple births. Due to this, your doctor will recommend single embryo transfer if they feel it is the best option for you.
This is normally a pain-free process and usually no sedation is needed, but you may have a slight distress because you need a full bladder if ultrasound guided transfer is done.
Success with IVF and Embryo Transfer:
- Gurgaon Fertility Center has got one of the best track records for surrogacy cases and infertility treatments in the world.
- If you are ready to start this life-altering journey, we are here to welcome you to our IVF and Embryo Transfer program.
Gurgaon Fertility Centre (Unit of KIC)
#721 Sector 14 Market
Mobile: +91 9948175768
Office: +91 12465 55720